African National Congress Foundation Day
African national congress foundation day is celebrated every year on january 8. This day was Founded by John Langalibalele Dube in Bloemfontein Iin 1912,as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC). The african National Congress foundation day’s primary mission was to bring all Africans together as one people, to defend their rights and freedoms.
THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (ANC)
It is a day republic of south africa governing political parties. It has the ruling party of post aparthied south africa during the election of Nelson Mandela in the 1994 election. After winning the election, the president of south africa cyril ramaphosa has become the leader of African National Congress since 18 december 2017.
HISTORY OF THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
The african national congress is the governing party of the republic of south africa. The ANC was founded in the year of 1912 . As with the consult of resistance movement ANC was before happened by a number of black resistance movements between umkhosi wezintaba ,in south africa between 1890-1920.
The organisation was founded in the south africa native national congress (SANNC) in bloemfontein on 8 january ,1912. ANC aimed to bring all africans together in one people to defend their rights and freedom. The SANNC organisation was renamed with ANC in 1923.
The organisation, from its establishment,represented both traditional and modern elements, from chiefs to church and community bodies and educated black professionals, though women were only admitted as joint members from 1931 and as full members in 1943.
Africans were not free to move as they pleased. Passes controlled their movements and made sure they worked either on the mines or on the farms. The pass laws also stopped Africans from leaving their jobs or striking. In 1919 the ANC in Transvaal led a campaign against the passes. The ANC also supported the militant strike by African mineworkers in 1920.
THE ANC GAINS NEW LIFE
The ANC was boosted with new life and energy in the 1940s which changed it from careful organisations. Increased attacks on the rights of black people and the rise of extreme Africaner nationalism created the need for the more response from the ANC. In 1947, the ANC and the Indian Congresses signed a pact stating full support for one another`s campaigns.
LEADERS OF AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
President of ANC party
- 1912 – 1917 john langalibalele dube (1871-1946)
- 1917 – 1924 sefako mapogo makgatho (1861-1951)
- 1924 – 1927 zacharias richard mahabane (1881-1971)
- 1927 – 1930 josiah tshangana gumede (1870-1947)
- 1930 – 1936 pixley ka isaka seme (1882-1951)
- 1937 – 1940 zacharias richard mahabane (1881-1971)
- 1940 – 1949 alfred bitini xuma (1890 -1962)
- 1949 – 1952 james sebe moroka (1891-1985)
- 1952 – 1967 albert john luthuli (1898-1967)
- 1967 – 1991 oliver reginald tambo (1917-1993)
- 1991 – 1997 nelson rolihlahla mandela (1918-2013)
- 1997 – 2007 thabo mvuyelwa mbeki (1942)
- 2007– 2017 jacob gedleyihlkisa zuma (1942)
- 2017– matamela cyril ramaphosa (1952)
Deputy president of ANC party
- 1912 – 1936 walter rubusana
- 1952 – 1958 nelson rolihlahla mandela
- 1958 – 1985 oliver reginald tambo
- 1985 – 1991 nelson rolihlahla mandela
- 1991 – 1994 walter max ulyate sisulu
- 1994 – 1997 thabo mvuyelwa mbeki
- 1997 – 2007 jacob gedleyihlekisa zuma
- 2007 – 2012 kgalema petrus motlanthe
- 2012 – 2017 matamela cyril ramaphosa
- 2017 – David mabuza
FACTS RELATED WITH AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
- South africa native african national congress, had as its main goals for the maintaining in voting rights for coloureds and black africans in cape province.
- The main of celebrating this african national congress foundation day for stop the spreadness the fight to eliminate apartheied, the official south affrican policy for racial separation and discrimination.
- Nelson Mandela who was the president of ANC was elected in 1994 to head South Africa’s first multiethnic government.
- After retiring with the post of president, Nelson Mandela worked to educate people about the HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa.
- He also helped broker peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Burundi. Decades before the end of Apartheid, Mandela also served as an inspiation for civil rights movements around the world, including in the US.
- Nelson Mandela has fought for social justice for 67 years. We’re asking you to start with 67 minutes.
- Nelson Mandela is the first black president of South Africa inaugurated
- The nobel peace prize in 1993 was awarded jointly to Nelson Mandela and frederik willem de klerk for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa.
After Retirement of africa national congress and later career of nelson mandela
By the 1999 general election, Mandela had retired from active politics. He continued to maintain a busy schedule, however, raising money to build schools and clinics in South Africa’s rural heartland through his foundation, and serving as a mediator in Burundi’s civil war.
Mandela died on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95 in his home in Johannesburg, South Africa. After suffering a lung infection in January 2011, Mandela was briefly hospitalized in Johannesburg to undergo surgery for a stomach ailment in early 2012.